| On the map, We can see the geographical position of VietNam. It lies between 23022 and 8030 North paraiieis, from lung cu (Dong Van district, Ha Giang province) to Xom Nui ( Nam Can distrisct,Minh Hai province ). Its westernmost point is at the 102010 East longtitude (Apa Chai commune ,Muong te district ,Lai Chau province) and its easternmost point on the main land is at 109024 East on the Hon Gom peninsula (Khanh Hoa province ).|
So, the country,s length is for times its width . The widest part is about 500 km wide, linking Mong Cai (Quang Ninh province) and North dien Bien (Lai Chau province). The narrowest part, less than 50km wide, is near the end of highway N020 on the Viet Nam Laos border to Dong Hoi (Quang Binh province). Being longer than it is wide, the country has the characteristics of a peninsula, at the least in climate, because the maritime influence is felt all over the land, except in the north, which is similar to southern China, Therefore, the climate here has to some extent a continental character.
|Outside the mainland, Vietnam also includes the continental shelf, islands, archipelagoes, big and small. Closest to the mainland and most mentioned are the islands, archipelagoes, big and small. Closest to the mainland and most mentioned are the islands of Ha Long Bay, |
|farthest are the Hoang Sa and Truong Son archipelagoes in the East Sea, the islands of Phu Quoc and Tho Chu in the Gulf of Thailand. Thus to some extent there is still a Vietnam belonging to the Maritime South East Asia. |
About 2/3 of the territorial mainland are covered by hills and mountains, but there are also large and fertile deltas and plains as a result of the deposition of the red River system in the North and the Mekong river system in the South. Between the two deltas a series of the plains, large and small are found along the coast of the central part of Vietnam, from Thanh Hoa to PhanThiet.
| Since the monsoons bring storms and tempests, a dense network of waterways has riddled the mountain regions for tens of million years, due to high ac cumulated humidity and temperature and facilitating communications. Event in the Truong Son chain, communications are not so difficult. |
|Moreover, the mountains and plateaus in Vietnam either continue the chains of south China or those of North Laos, or they spread to neighbouring lands, for instance the case of Tay Nguyen. This fact has caused Vietnam to always be a country open to its neighbours, not mentioning its opening through seaways. |
The above features make the landscape of this country very diverse: from the sea to the hinterland, first there are the landscape of coastal plains and deltas, following are the middle regions with pre-mountain hills, low and middle -height mountains in the North-East, Viet Bac, and the Truong Son chain then the landscape of high mountains in the North-West and the plateaus in Tay Bac and in Tay Nguyen.
| People have long lived in such milieu and have found effective ways to use the land so appropriately that it can be said that the environment is the expression in space of the local societies or the embodiment of the productive and cultural activities of man.|
| Though not officially articulated, we ca understand that Vietnam also has its own "geo-strategy", with is the preservation of its independence, territorial integrity and security, solidarity with all countries in region, particularly after application of the open-door policy.|
|The Vietnam nation was formed through a process of two major ancient cultures, The Chinese and the Indian.|
| Thus a peculiar trait of Vietnam's culture was formed. As far as anthropology is concerned the Vietnamese people have their origin in the Mongolid race, believed to be one of the major or races of the world and often found in northern and eastern Asia. |
|At present there are 54 different ethnic minority groups inhabiting Vietnam. The Kinh people or Viet are population. The Vietnamese speak the languages of eight different group.|
Four great philosophies and religions have shaped the spiritual life of the Vietnamese people: Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and Christianity. Over the centuries, Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism have melded with popular Chinese beliefs and ancient Vietnamese animism to form what is known as Tam Giao (or 'Triple Religion').
The Vietnamese language (kinh) belongs to the Mon-Khmer stock, which comprises Mon (spoken in Burma) and Khmer (the language of Cambodia), as well as Khmu, Bahnar, Bru and other languages of the highlands of Vietnam. Mon-Khmer, Tai and Chinese elements are combined with many basic words derived from the monotonic Mon-Khmer languages. The most widely spoken foreign languages in Vietnam are Chinese (Cantonese and Mandarin), English, French and Russian, more or less in that order.
Popular artistic forms include: traditional painting produced on frame-mounted silk; an eclectic array of theatre, puppetry, music and dance; religious sculpture; and lacquerware.
Vietnamese cuisine is especially varied - there are said to be nearly 500 different traditional dishes, ranging from exotic meats such as bat, cobra and pangolin to fantastic vegetarian creations (often prepared to replicate meat and fish dishes). However, the staple of Vietnamese cuisine is plain white rice dressed up with a plethora of vegetables, meat, fish, spices and sauces. Spring rolls and steamed rice pancakes are popular snacks, and the ubiquitous soups include eel and vermicelli, shredded chicken and bitter soups. Some of the more unusual fruits available include green dragon fruit, jujube, khaki, longan, mangosteen, pomelo, three-seed cherry and water apple. Vietnamese coffee is excellent.